Power and Peasant Communities in al-Andalus and Maghreb

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Wheat and Sheep

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Pastures and Communal management Seminar – UAB

seminariramaderia-4El 27 de novembre de 2017 ha tingut lloc a la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona el “II Seminari de Pastures i Gestions Comunals”, organitzat pels investigadors predoctorals Ignacio Díaz i Nuria Pacheco, del Grup de recerca ARAEM.

Ferran Esquilache ha participat amb una conferència titulada “La irrigació a les grans hortes andalusines: reg tribal i reg comunal”, i en el debat posterior realitzat a partir de la seua ponència i la de la professora Margarita Fernández Mier, de la Universitat d’Oviedo. Podeu veure més informació a la pàgina web del Grup ARAEM.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Settlement and agrarian landscapes in the gulf of Valencia

congresmanresaBetween October 21th and 23th 2016 Manresa, in Catalonia, will be hosting the 10th Conference of the Coordinadora de Centres d’Estudis de Parla Catalana, as this year is about to “Resources and territory. Historic Perspective and news balances“.

Josep Torró will take part whit the paper “Les transformacions medievals del poblament i del paisatge agrari a les terres del Golf de València”.

Irrigation continuity?

alguaireBetween October 20th and 22th 2016 the village of Alguaire, in Catalonia, will be hosting the 9th Conference about Agrarian systems, social organization and local power, as this year is about to “Historic Irrigation: Peasants, History and Heritage”.

Ferran Esquilache, collaborator in Landscapes of Conquest team, will take part whit the paper “Una herència reconstruïda. Canvis físics i institucionals en les hortes fluvials andalusines després de la conquesta cristiana” (translation: A rebuilt legacy. Physical and institutional changes in Andalusian river irrigated areas (hortes) after the Christian conquest).

Wetlands of Medieval Andalusia

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In March 2016 the new research project of the group “Toponimia, Historia y Arqueología del Reino de Granada”, from University of Granada, was presented in the village of Padul, in Granada. Undoubtedly, this project is called, in the coming years, to be a leader in research on landscape archaeology from Al-Andalus and wetlands in particular.

Among the invited speakers was Josep Torró, with the paper “Los humedales valencianos en la Edad Media: utilización, modificación y transformación“.

You can see the full program here.

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Ferran Esquilache read his thesis

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Last January 15th 2016 Ferran Esquilache, collaborator in this research group, read his Thesis at the Faculty of Geography and History of the University of Valencia. It was entitled “Els espais agraris i l’estructura social d’una gran horta fluvial andalusina. La construcció i evolució de l’Horta de València entre els segles VIII i XIII” (Title in English: “The Agrarian Spaces and Social Structures from a Large Andalusian Irrigated Area. Building and Evolution of the Horta of Valencia between 8th and 13th centuries”), and it was supervised by Ph. Doctor Enric Guinot. The tribunal was composed of Ph. Doctor Antonio Malpica Cuello as president, from University of Granada, Ph. Doctor Helena Kirchner as chair, from Autonomous University of Barcelona, and Ph. Doctor Josep Torró as secretary, from University of Valencia. This thesis was qualified with the grade Summa cum laude.

It has been a long time that hydraulic archaeology has proven to be an indispensable methodology for the study of Andalusian society. This thesis intends to apply it in a large fluvial huerta of Andalusian origins in order to analyse, from physical structures such as hydraulic systems and settlements, the characteristics of that society, and to see how it evolved over the time before the Christian conquest of the thirteenth century. The research shows that it was a tribal society, as defined by Pierre Guichard over 35 years ago, and that is clearly reflected in the morphology of hydraulic systems and spaces that formed the Huerta of Valencia at that time. The dissertation has also addressed the role of the city of Valencia and the various Andalusian states in the configuration and evolution of that vast suburban hydraulic area.

Rural History 2015

rualhistorygironaBetween September 7th and 10th the city of Girona (Catalonia) will be hosting the Rural History 2015, the great meeting about the European Rural History. We can see hear the website and the complete program in pdf.

  • Enric Guinot and Ferran Esquilache take part with the paper “Governing irrigation. The conflict between feudal power and collective management in the medieval and pre-modern Horta of Valencia”, in the panel The management of natural resources in the medieval Iberian Peninsula. Common institutions?.

    Abstract: Traditionally, historiography has considered the irrigator groups in the huerta of Valencia as examples of self-managed communities, or instances of collective action. This was the perspective followed by Elionor Ostrom, who used them to illustrate the management of common-pool resources. According to Ostrom, communal institutions that manage to survive over time share eight characteristics in their design. It should be noted, however, that Ostrom did not study Valencian irrigation communities first-hand. In recent years, our growing understanding of the huerta and the management models followed therein has improved. It is, therefore, pertinent to examine whether the information with which Ostrom worked and, it follows, her conclusions about the reasons for the survival of the huerta of Valencia, remain valid. This paper will focus on the legal origins of these irrigation institutions and their internal form of organization; on the social origin of their members; and in whose hands ultimate control rested.

Extraction of soil samples in the wetland of Peniscola

Now you can see in the Gallery the photographs of trial pits we did in the month of June 2015 in the wetland of Peniscola to extract soil samples, with the intention of dating its dry and the built of the agricultural plots.

Vegetal landscapes and Medieval Archaeology

paisatges_vegetasls_granadaIn June 15th and 16th 2015 the University of Granada will be hosting the 16th Conference of Medieval Archaeology. Every year it’s organized by the research group “Toponimia, Historia y Arqueología del Reino de Granada”, run by Antonio Malpica. This year will be about vegetal landscapes in medieval context. You can see hear the program in pdf (Spanish).

  • Josep Torró take part with the paper: “De humedales a campos de cereales. La transformación medieval del paisaje vegetal en el litoral valenciano (siglos XIII-XVI)”.

Extraction of soil samples in horta of Montcada

SAMSUNG DIGITAL CAMERANow you can see in the Gallery the photographs of trial pits we did in the month of January 2015 in the irrigated area of Montcada-Benifaraig (Horta of Valencia) to extract soil samples, with the intention of dating the built of the agricultural terraces.

Colonization Processes

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Cocentaina: Christian town of medieval colonization and Muslim segregated suburb

In February 25th 2015 Josep Torró is going to take part in the Seminar 2014-2015 of the Group of Research in Empires, Metropolis and Extra-Europeans Societies (GRIMSE), on the Pompeu Fabra University of Barcelona.

Paper: “Processos de colonització a l’Edat Mitjana: el regne de València en el seu context”.

Hydraulic Archaeology in Algemesí

Lydia Castan gave a lecturer in Algemesí (Valencia) about the Hydraulic Archaelogy in this area. Her work is based on the study of the Séquia Reial de Xúquer. BercaTV News offers this report (in Catalan).

Land Use and Management in Western Europe

land use and managementOn the 18th and 19th of December of 2014 the University of Valencia will be hosting an international seminar on Land Use and Management in Western Europe (12th-15th centuries), the first of a series of meetings among medieval historians from various European countries interested in rural history. This series originates from a meeting held in Valencia in January 2014 with the goal of sharing the results of a research carried out in the last years by groups from different countries of Western Europe, from the UK to Italy, from the Netherlands and Belgium to France and Spain, on the rural world in the late Middle Ages, as well as to develop a common agenda for the coming years, which includes as a featured aspect seminars on specialized topics.

Enric Guinot and Josep Torró take part with the paper: “From the Conquest Large Donations to Plot Fragmentation: Emphyteutic Exploitation and Market of Rents in Valencia (13th-14th Centuries)”.

You can see more information in the conference’s web.

Irrigation, Society, Landscape. Tribute to T.F. Glick

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Between the 25th and 27th of September 2014, the Conference Irrigation, Society and Landscape will be held at the Polytechnic University of Valencia. The meeting aspires to bring together all those researchers and professionals interested in traditional irrigation, in order to discuss and reflect on the past, present and future of these natural and cultural systems.

 

You can see the program and all papers in the conference web.

 

Enric Guinot and Josep Torró take part in a round table about Irrigation History and Hydraulic Archaeology.

Ferran Esquilache takes part with the paper “La cuestión de la proporcionalidad en la distribución del agua de riego. El caso de la acequia de Favara (huerta de Valencia)”.

Lecture about the Torre de les Maçanes

 Josep Torró give a lecture on May 3th 2014, in the Archaeological Museum of Alicante (MARQ) about the Torre de les Maçanes.

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Wasser – Wege – Wissen auf der iberischen Halbinsel vom Römischen Imperium bis zur muselmanischen Herrschaft

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Enric Guinot and Josep Torró take part in the International Conference Wasser – Wege – Wissen auf der iberischen Halbinsel vom Römischen Imperium bis zur muselmanischen Herrschaft / Agua, vías, conocimientos en la Península Ibérica desde el Imperio Romano hasta el poder musulmán. It will be in the Center of Conferences of Elx, May 20th to 23th 2014.

See here the program.

Papers

  • Enric Guinot (May 21th, 17:30h): La gestión del agua y los paisajes irrigados en la Valencia bajo medieval // Wassermanagement und bewässerte Landschaften im spätmittelalterlichen Valencia

  • Josep Torró (May 22th, 16:00h.): Landwirtschaftliche Raumregelung in der muselmanischen Zeit im Königreich Valencia // Ordenación del espacio agrario en la época musulmana en Valencia

First Seminar of Medieval Archaeology Miquel Barceló

seminaribarcelo1Josep Torro takes part in the 1st Seminari d’Arqueologia Medieval Miquel Barceló. It will be in Autonomous University of Barcelona, May 6th, 13th and 20th 2014.

Paper (May 6th): “Secans i marjals. L’expasió agraria del regne de València després de la conquesta”.

See program here (in Catalan)

Kilian Cuerda in the Medieval Studies Seminar of the University of Valencia

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Kilian Cuerda takes part in the Medieval Studies Seminar at the Medieval History Department of the University of Valencia, with the paper “L’ordenació social de l’espai i infraestructures productives a les muntanyes del Sharq Al-Andalus: horta i secà a la Calderona”. Valencia, March 4th 2014.

Simposio de arqueología agraria: Producción y gestión de las cosechas en al-Andalus

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Josep Torro takes part in the Simposio de arqueología agraria: Producción y gestión de las cosechas en al-Andalus. It will be in Murcia, November 7th-8th 2013.

Paper: “Majzan. Almacenes andalusíes en la documentación cristiana”

See program here

XXXIVe Rencontres Internationales d’archéologie et d’histoire d’Antibes

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Josep Torró, Enric Guinot and Ferran Esquilache take part in the XXXIVe Rencontres Internationales d’archéologie et d’histoire d’Antibes, October 15th-17th 2013.

Paper: La transformation du milieu littoral dans une société médiévale de conquête : le royaume de Valence (c. 1240-c. 1330).

See program here

Ruralia X. Agrarian Technology in the Medieval Landscape

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Josep Torró takes part in Ruralia X, in Smolenice castle, Slovakia. September 9th-15th 2013.

Paper: Agricultural Drainage technology in medieval Mediterranean Iberia (13th – 16th centuries)

See program here

International Medieval Meeting Lleida 2013

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Josep Torró, Enric Guinot and Ferran Esquilache take part in the International Medieval Meeting Lleida (26th to 28th June 2013). The session will be: “Agrarian Archaeology: Irrigation, drainage, dry agriculture and pastures in Al-Andalus”, chaired by Helena Kirchner

  • Josep Torró: Una qarya sense sistema de reg. L’espai agrari d’Aialt (Castell de Castells), s. XIII-XVI.
  • Enric Guinot: Els espais irrigats dels pobles-castell del Túria (Benaguasil, Riba-roja i Vilamarxant).
  • Ferran Esquilache: El paper de les tribus amazic en la construcció de sistemes hidràulics fluvials. La séquia dels Hawwara a l’horta de València.

LOST CIVILIZATION

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DAY OF INTRODUCTION TO ARCHAEOLOGY OF AL-ANDALUS

Friday May 3, 2013

10:00 Presentation
10:30 La ciudad perdida de Bobastro. Hispanos, musulmanes y la revuelta de Ibn Hafsûn
Virgilio Martínez Enamorado (Escuela de Estudios Árabes de Granada – CSIC)
11:30 Documentary: Bobastro e Ibn Hafsun (Arqueomanía), 10:31’
11:45 Pause
12:00 “Como si fueran estrellas”. Los graneros fortificados en al-Andalus
Jorge Eiroa (Universidad de Murcia)
13:00 Documentary: Le grenier de falaise d’Aoujgal (Aït Abdi, Haut Atlas, Maroc),
AGHARAS production, Jean-Paul Cheylan et Liliane Dumont, 33:16’
13:45 Logout
16:30 Fugint de la conquesta. Arqueologia d’un refugi d’andalusins a la Serra d’Artà (Mallorca)
Helena Kirchner (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
17:30 Documentary: Els sistemes de reg d’Oman 15’
17:45 Pause
18:00 Balansiya. Arqueologia de la València andalusina
Javier Martí (Museu d’Història de València)
19:00 Closing

FREE ASSITANCE

Organize:

  • Department of Medieval History

Sponsors:

  • Facultad de Geografía e Historia (Vicedeganat de cultura i participació estudiantil)
  • Department of Medieval History

Enric Guinot in the Medieval Studies Seminar of the University of Valencia

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Enric Guinot takes part in the Medieval Studies Seminar at the Medieval History Department of the University of Valencia, with the paper “Les transformacions del paisatge rural arran de la conquesta del segle XIII”. Valencia, April 29th 2013

Ferran Esquilache in the Medieval Studies Seminar of the University of Valencia

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Ferran Esquilache takes part in the Medieval Studies Seminar at the Medieval History Department of the University of Valencia, with the paper “L’arqueologia hidràulica en les gran hortes fluvials. Els orígens andalusins de l’horta de València i la seua evolució després de la conquesta de Jaume I”. Valencia, November 5th 2012

Antoni Mas in the University of Valencia

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Friday April 20th 2012 Antoni Mas Fornés takes part in the Seminar of Medieval History at the University of Valencia, with a conference entitled “Colonització feudal i canvi paisatgístic a Mallorca